Living with diabetes requires daily planning with respect to the diet and exercises and hence is a complete lifestyle shift which makes it a joyful experience. However, it sometimes turns out to be a nightmare for those who, despite everything, are unable to manage their sugar levels. Normal blood sugar level in diabetes can be maintained within the blood sugar range as the following habits which diabetics may not eventually be aware of lead to imbalance in blood sugar levels:
1. Compromising on Sleep
When you are constantly working and rushing around, the basic necessity called sleep tends to become a luxury. While lack of sleep can cause serious health complications for everyone, diabetics tend to suffer more due to fluctuating blood sugar level in blood. Lack of sleep is likely to cause:
> A higher A1C level
> A higher BMI (body-mass index) due to weight gain
> A higher risk of heart disease
> Sleep apnea
> Restless legs syndrome
In fact uncontrolled blood sugar level in blood can also affect your sleep patterns, leading you to wake up at night for frequent urination. Hence it is important to keep normal blood sugar level and take at least 7 to 9 hours of sleep and make the necessary changes in your schedule.
2. Skipping Meals
Not eating in diabetes proves worse than eating high calories or carbs meals. Skipping meals directly leads to drop in blood sugar levels, a condition called hypoglycemia. When you skip a meal, you tend to overeat at the next meal, which leads to spikes in blood sugar. Spread your meals and snacks throughout the day at regular intervals to keep readings steady.
3. Lack of Portion Control
Just as it is important to eat healthy and at regular intervals, controlling the portion size is equally important. Eating healthy food without a control on its portion size will do more harm than good. Confine your nutrition to healthy carbs from peas, sweet potatoes or whole wheat pasta equivalent to a cup.
4. Smoking and Drinking Habits
While both habits are dangerous for the health of an average person, the harmful effects manifest more with diabetics due to effects on blood sugar levels. Nicotine is an addictive drug that gives instant pleasure but in the long run it leads to health problems like lung cancer, heart problems, and stroke etc. moreover, smoking can lead to:
> Raise blood sugars
> Increase the risk of getting pneumonia
> Contribute to diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and glaucoma
> Increase the risk of kidney disease
> Affect blood flow in the legs and feet, raising the risk of infections, ulcers, and amputation
Stopping to smoke is not the solution as it cannot be done immediately. However, gradual waning out from smoking will not only help your liver and lungs, but will also take care of your blood sugar levels.
5. Lack of Dental Hygiene
An often overlooked aspect, gum diseases are most common and contribute majorly in diabetes complications like eye and kidney disease. When left untreated it can lead to failure to control diabetes, tooth loss etc. It is advisable to get yourself treated and observe oral hygiene by cleaning and flossing. Also ensure to undergo timely sugar level test.
Monitor Blood Sugar Levels Regularly Through Blood Sugar Test
It is important to ensure you monitor your blood sugars regularly through blood sugar test using a glucometer and sync it with a diabetes management app. The blood sugar checker or glucometer connects to the app and records your readings.