Fluctuating blood sugar levels due to body’s inability to use insulin properly is a stage of type 2 diabetes. With a healthy diet for diabetes and a planned exercise regime, one can easily manage diabetes type 2. Studies have proven how diet for a diabetic patient containing antioxidants can instantly improve blood sugar control and help lower the risk of type 2 diabetes. Foods like tea, walnuts, and blueberries act as natural boosters to enhance diabetes care and management.
Scientists have analysed that women who consume higher quantities of antioxidants have a better score of 27 percent control of diabetes. As colourful as the diet for diabetes can be made, it is advisable to use as many carotenoids – a type of antioxidant in fruits and vegetables.
Role of Antioxidants in Diet for Diabetic Patient in Type 2 Diabetes
Antioxidant rich food for diabetic patient as part of diet plan for diabetes or diet to control diabetes like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables can not only prevent chronic diseases like diabetes, but also fight free radicals and unstable molecules which lead to cell damage within the body.
A study conducted on more than 4000 men and women between age 40 and 69 who did not have diabetes revealed that their antioxidant diet for diabetic patient or foods that control diabetes consisted of amount of vitamin E, vitamin C and carotenoids apart from other forms of derivatives of vitamin E. After years of continuous research, people who consumed more vitamin E and carotenoids in diabetic patient diet had lower risk of type 2 diabetes, but no such effect was observed for vitamin C.
Major Categories of Antioxidant Rich Foods as Diet for Type 2 Diabetes
The diabetes type 2 diet includes:
- Fruits: Apples, berries (Cherry, blackberry, strawberry, raspberry, cranberry, blueberry, bilberry (wild blueberry), black currant, pomegranate, Goji berry, grape, orange, plum, pineapple, kiwi fruit, grapefruit.
- Vegetables: Cruciferous vegetables, dark green vegetables, kale, chili pepper, red cabbage, tomatoes, peppers, parsley, artichoke, Brussels sprouts, spinach, lemon, ginger, red beets, onion, sweet potatoes.
- Beans/Legumes: Kidney beans, pinto beans, black beans.
- Dry Fruits: Apricots, prunes, dates.
- Nuts and seeds: Pecans, walnuts, hazelnuts, ground nut or peanuts, sunflower seeds.
- Cold-water fish: Wild salmon, sardines (Omega-3 EFAs)
- Plant oils: Extra virgin olive oil, coconut oil
- Spices: cloves, cinnamon, oregano
- Herbs: gingko biloba, garlic, ginger, sage; green tea
- Whole/cracked organic grains: Barley, quinoa, amaranth, millet, oats (but, most diabetics should avoid the majority of grains and cereals)
- Raw Juice Beverages: Green vegetable juice, Carrot juice, Wheatgrass juice, Açaí Berry juice, Pomegranate juice, Blueberry juice, Cranberry juice, Black cherry juice, Apple juice; Green tea. But, avoid all bottled juices — they’re pasteurized and full of sugar!
It is important to monitor blood sugar levels daily using glucometer and hence ensure daily readings using a compact glucometer in order to record your data and keep track in consultation with your diabetes educator.