Pre-diabetes means that the body is having a problem keeping the blood sugar level within a specific range.
Generally, the body regulates blood glucose on its own, through glucose homeostasis. When the blood sugar levels are too excessive then the body releases insulin to lesser the level of blood sugar to within the normal range. If the blood sugar level is too low, the body will release glucagon to increase it.
With pre-diabetes and diabetes, the body cannot keep the blood glucose stable any longer. The body’s insulin is not able to do its job properly, which permits the blood sugar to increase to potentially threatening levels.
There are certain signs that you have or may be at an increased risk of developing pre-diabetes. These comprise sleeping less than 6 hours per day, increasing age, overweight or obese or inactivity. Certain races are at an increased risk, namely Hispanics/Latinos, Asian Americans & non-Hispanic blacks. Other danger factors comprises of abnormal lipids, specifically high triglycerides & low HDL (the good cholesterol) & cardiovascular disease.
If you had gestational diabetes, which basically means having high blood glucose levels during pregnancy, or gave birth to a baby weighing more than 8lbs, thus, mother is also at risk. The two other rather rare conditions, namely acanthosisnigrans & polycystic ovarian syndrome also specify increased insulin resistance and predisposition to prediabetes. And lastly, individuals with psychiatric disorders, particularly schizophrenia, on multiple psychotropic drugs, also have high probabilities of prediabetes.
Monitoring and detection for prediabetics have always been a quite tough confirmation if one is being classified as prediabetics or normal. Since, individuals have unusual body composition (body size) and dissimilar tolerance to glucose level. Prediabetics will not come to know by their own about their high blood glucose level. Therefore, the only way for prediabetics to identify if they are suffering from the stated factors which specifies risk zone, they should periodically go for routine check up and should be careful enough about the given symptoms & signs. In particular, if a person is 45 and above in age then they must regularly visit a physicianfor their regular checkups.
In order to avoid the diabetes, reserve the function of the beta cells & delay the micro vascular & cardiovascular problems related with the disease, pre-diabetic individuals are given the same suggestion as that given to the diabetic patient. Obesity is a huge factor; hence workout and weight loss is the chief focus. The use of glucometer is however recommended to make blood sugar level monitoring simple and easy.