Most diabetic socks available in the market are socks that are made to keep the feet dry, decrease the risk of foot injury, and avoid preventing or slowing blood circulation. They usually are made of materials that have superior abilities to wick away the moisture, are padded, and nonbinding, and do not have seams.
But why socks?
While not all diabetics are required to wear socks,it is a reality that people with diabetes are more prone to foot injuries and infections because of the damage to their circulatory and nervous systems and even their immune system. Diabetic socks differ from regular socks.They are designed to reduce constriction, that often occurs due to swelling, which can limit blood flow.
The most common foot problem that can occur: Diabetic Neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathy is damage to the nerves cause by diabetes. Diabetic neuropathy is of 4 types: Peripheral Neuropathy, Autonomic Neuropathy, Focal Neuropathy and Proximal Neuropathy.
Symptoms & Risks of Peripheral diabetic neuropathy:
The earliest sign of diabetic neuropathy usually includes: Numbness, pain in the feet or hands. Over a period of time, peripheral neuropathy symptoms may worsen leading to muscle weakness and loss of reflexes primarily around the ankle.
The loss of sensation in the feet can cause a reduction in the ability to detect wounds or pain.
Since there is a loss in sensation therefore diabetic foot care becomes even more essential as chances of foot problems and infection increase.
Even though a diabetic sock is specifically designed to meet requirements for comfortable and healthy diabetic feet, anyone can wear them. However, persons with diabetes will truly benefit from ALL the design features as well as see a change in their lifestyles.