Managing blood glucose levels is the centre point for every diabetic.
High blood sugar or hyperglycemia is a major concern for diabetics. Maintaining low blood sugar for diabetics can be difficult yet is essential.
High blood glucose levels and resistance to insulin is linked to inflammation, heart disease and diabetes. Frequent or ongoing increase in blood sugar can cause nerve damage and organ damage as well.
High blood sugar (glucose) is of two types:
1. Fasting hyperglycemia: In this condition blood sugar is higher than 130md/dL, 8-12 hours after meals.
2. Postprandial hyperglycemia: Blood sugar is higher than 180 mg/dL after eating.
It is important to treat high blood glucose immediately to prevent future complications. .
Symptoms of high blood glucose:
2. Stomach aches
3. Blurry vision
4. Increased hunger
Causes of high blood glucose:
1. Eating more than usual
2. Eating high glucose content meals
3. Illness or injury
4. Skipping insulin dose
6. Medication (in some cases)
It is essential to maintain a low carb diet in diabetes. But some food for diabetics are also helpful in lowering blood glucose levels. You can opt for these foods to help lower level of blood sugar:
1. Cinnamon: Famous since ancient times for its medicinal properties, Cinnamon is known to lower blood glucose levels. It is also effective for muscle spasms, Infections, common cold and chronic wounds.
2. Apple Cider Vinegar: This is beneficial for both, type of diabetes- 1 & 2 and specifically for postprandial glucose. Consumption of a small dose of ACV can reduce blood glucose and aid weight management. If normal ACV is strong, then you can opt for apple cider vinegar with honey.
3. Sprouts: They help in easier digestion of food- which means lesser stomach issues and bloating. Sprouts are also high in B vitamins, C vitamins, fibre and essential amino acids.
4. Chia Seeds: It is high in antioxidants and omega-3 oils which makes it a good source of energy. Chia seeds can be added to almost anything from salads to smoothies.
5. Flax Seeds: They help improve fasting level of blood sugar. It also helps lower cholesterol and keep haemoglobin levels to normal. It also helps reduce the risk of heart disease.
6. Lentils: They are rich in dietary fibre – both soluble and insoluble. Insoluble fibre helps regulate bowel movement and prevent constipation while the soluble fibre reduces risk of a heart disease.
7. Green tea: It helps in better metabolic function of the system. It also helps reduce oxidative stress