What is blood sugar?
Blood sugar or glucose is the sugar that the bloodstream carries to all cells in order to supply energy. This sugar comes from the food we eat. The blood’s internal environment needs to be stable in order for the body to function properly.
Blood glucose levels keep fluctuating throughout the day, and at times can lead to high blood sugar levels. This usually occurs when we consume too much of carbs.
How to identify high blood sugar levels?
For healthy people: Less than 99 mg/dL is a sign of normal sugar levels.
For diabetics fasting sugar levels should be between 70-130 mg/dL and 2 hours post meal should be less than 180 mg/dL.
High blood sugar symptoms: How to identify?
The condition of high blood sugar is called hyperglycemia. And is common in poor diabetes management cases. Hyperglycemia often occurs when there is not enough insulin in the body.
High blood sugar symptoms usually include:
1. A dry mouth
2. Constant urge to pee
Future complications can include:
1. Vision loss
2. Foot ulcers
3. Poor wound recovery
4. Kidney failures
Diabetes care: Common triggers
1. Carbs (Carbohydrate): They are the most common problem. Carbohydrates get broken down into glucose rapidly and in turn trigger sugar levels.
2. Alcohol: This is also known to raise blood sugar at a high rate. But can lead to low sugar later.
3. Fatty Food: Foods like pizza raise blood sugar levels.
4. Sedentary lifestyle: A sedentary lifestyle is the major cause of diabetes.
Foods to choose:
1. Avocados: Avocados are known for their low glycemic index. They can lower the risk of metabolic syndrome and have a healthy impact on blood pressure and inflammation.
2. Garlic: Garlic is known to manage blood sugar levels. Since garlic does not have carbs it does not increase blood sugar levels.
3. Apple Cider Vinegar: ACV helps reduce certain enzymes in the stomach.
4. Chia Seeds: Highly beneficial for diabetics, chia seeds are rich in fibre and omega- 3 oils. It is antioxidative and helps lower cholesterol levels.
5. Whole grains: Try opting for whole grains over white. White grains are high in carbs and can spike sugar levels.
Changes in lifestyle:
1. Eating at regular intervals is essential
2. Opting for fruits over candies
3. Drinking loads of water
4. Reducing junk intake
5. Avoiding refined sugar and sweetened sodas altogether.
Investing in a glucometer: A glucometer helps check blood sugar levels from the comfort of your home. It also allows you to track and monitor sugar patterns. Look for a glucometer that allows sharing results with family and doctors.