Diabetes is a condition the body is unable to utilize the insulin produced due to which glucose levels in the blood begin to rise. When diabetes sugar level begins to fluctuate often and it becomes difficult to maintain them within the target range, one should understand that the diabetic condition is becoming uncontrolled, which can cause serious health complications in the long run.
However, diabetes management involves certain diet and lifestyle changes in both type 1 and diabetes type 2 and then blood glucose levels can be maintained within range without worrying about the related health complications. However, it is first important to understand the effects of uncontrolled diabetes:
Symptoms of Diabetes Type 2
As part of diabetes management, it is important to first understand the symptoms causing the condition.
This condition prevents your body from utilizing insulin produced and hence energy for functioning of the organs is absorbed from alternate energy sources like tissues, muscles, and organs.
The early symptoms may include:
- constant hunger
- a lack of energy
- weight loss
- excessive thirst
- frequent urination
- dry mouth
- itchy skin
- blurry vision
Effects of Uncontrolled Blood Glucose
Almost every organ in the body is affected by lack of management of diabetes:
1. Heart and Blood Vessels: Longer periods of uncontrolled diabetes can severely affect the functioning of heart and a risk of blood vessel dysfunction. Nerve damage can also lead to feet related complications which in rare cases can cause amputations. Having diabetes puts you at ten times the risk of undergoing toes and feet amputation. A diabetic may not be able to notice the symptoms until he or she suffers from heart attack or stroke. When the large blood vessels in the feet get affected, a diabetic experiences cramps, changes in skin colour and reduced sensation.
2. Eyes: Diabetes has become the leading cause of vision loss between the age group 20 to 74 years, with the following serious complications related to the eyes:
– Diabetic retinopathy, which causes damage to the small blood vessels in your eyes
With regular eye tests and timely treatment of these problems, more than 90% diabetes related blindness can be prevented.3
3. Kidneys: Diabetes has become the leading cause of kidney failure, which goes unnoticed in the beginning stage but later causes swelling in legs and feet. Drugs prescribed for blood pressure also helps control the risk of kidney failure by 33%.
4. Skin Complications: Poorly controlled type 2 diabetes blood sugar levels increases the risk of bacterial and fungal skin infections. People with high blood glucose can experience the following skin problems:
- redness or discoloration
- scaly, shiny, or raised patches
- rashes, blisters, or boils
- styes on your eyelids
- inflamed hair follicles
- firm, yellow, pea-sized bumps
- thick, waxy skin
5. Gums and Teeth: Oral health and hygiene is the worst affected with long durations of high blood sugars. It causes the gums to swell and become painful, with development of pus in rare cases. It is best to maintain healthy blood glucose levels and visit your dentist regularly to know the daily practices to maintain best oral hygiene.
All of these complications can be prevented if diabetics maintain a habit to check sugar level regularly using compact glucometer. The readings of blood glucose monitor taken from a glucometer can be recorded in diabetes management app for analyzing with your diabetes educator or doctor.