Diabetes is a lifestyle disease which requires following a well-defined diabetes management routine with respect to your diet and exercise regime as planned by your doctor or personalized diabetes coach to keep sugar level in blood normal. Since diet plays a major role in diabetes management, it is best to consume a nutritious meal spread across the day at regular intervals.
In order to supplement regular diet with added nutrition, dietary supplements play a great role in helping you to manage blood glucose levels. However, these should never be taken in overdose and must be consumed in consultation with your healthcare professional to ensure best diabetes management, particularly in case of type 2 diabetes. The commonly prescribed supplements to better control diabetes are as follows:
A deficiency of vitamin D is linked to kidney and heart failure, both of which are a major complication and part of management of diabetes. As its basic nature, vitamin D also takes care of your bone and teeth strength. Experts recommend vitamin D3 supplements are better than vitamin D2.
Good bacteria play a great role in lowering glucose and insulin levels and hence aide better management of diabetes. Apart from preventing UTI they also help in combating yeast infections, common among diabetics. The good bacteria improve insulin function, bowel function, and even contribute to weight loss.
Found in different parts of plants, it is widely used in Asia for diabetes and gastrointestinal conditions. It is equally effective in reducing insulin levels, just as metformin is. It improves insulin function, decrease glucose production by the liver, and slows the breakdown of carbohydrate in the gut. It has been found to improve nerve pain (neuropathy) and kidney disease, a serious complication in diabetes type 2.
Sleep is of course crucial for good health as it helps maintain healthy blood sugars. Melatonin hormone is necessary for causing sleep. Lack of melatonin raises blood sugar levels. Melatonin is found in the fruits and veggies like nuts and seeds, and melatonin supplements.
This is a powerful anti-oxidant responsible for increasing insulin sensitivity. Antioxidants help protect blood vessels by neutralizes free radicals. ALA helps get glucose into the muscles and helps improve diabetic neuropathy. It also aides weight loss.
One of the most important minerals in the human body which supports more than 300 body functions, lowers blood sugar, relaxes muscles, lowers the risk of heart attack and stroke. The main food sources from which it is derived are leafy vegetables, berries, and tropical fruits, whole grains, beans, nuts and fish such as mackerel, herbs and spices and dark chocolate.
Omega 3 Fatty Acids
Omega 3 fatty acids help in maintaining healthy cholesterol levels and help maintain good heart health. Main sources include fish, flax seeds and vegetable oils, walnuts and wheat germs.
Safely Using Supplements for Diabetic Patients
The Food and Drug Association regulates supplements as food, not as medicines. Hence these must be taken in consultation with your diabetes educator or doctor. Experts recommend buying supplements with a ‘USP verified’ seal.
It is advisable to ensure you do sugar test to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly in order to understand the effects of supplements on your glucose levels in blood. Use a compact glucometer to do the same and sync your readings in diabetes management app. In order to review your history, you can also view the readings taken from glucometer in the records stored in the diabetes management app.