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What is Brittle Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Understanding Brittle Diabetes and Normal Glucose Levels in the Human Body

Referred to the tough to control type 1 diabetes, brittle diabetes involves frequent, extreme swings in blood glucose levels, causing hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia. Also known as labile diabetes, the blood glucose levels often swing from very low to very high. This type of diabetes is not considered to be a separate kind of diabetes but is an advanced complication of the disease.

Causes and Symptoms of Brittle Diabetes

After understanding what is normal sugar level in the human body, diagnosing brittle diabetes can be tough considering there can be various other reasons for fluctuating blood sugar levels. If the normal glucose level in human body is fluctuating wildly, the reasons may include:

You’re not taking your medication or testing your glucose levels like you should.
Lots of stress

  • An eating disorder
  • Your intestines struggle to absorb nutrients.
  • Celiac disease
  • Gastroparesis — a condition that slows down or stops the emptying of food from your stomach into your intestines.
  • You’re very sensitive to insulin.

In case of extremely low blood sugar levels, the following symptoms may be evident:

  • Feeling shaky
  • Nervousness or anxiety
  • Sweating, chills
  • Irritability
  • Confusion
  • Fast heart rate
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision
  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Seizures
  • Unconsciousness

Risk Factors Involved with Brittle Diabetes

The biggest risk factor for brittle diabetes is having type 1 diabetes. Brittle diabetes occurs rarely in people with type 2 diabetes. Some doctors classify it as a complication of diabetes, while others consider it a subtype of type 1 diabetes.

While type 1 diabetes involves blood sugar levels that fluctuate between high and low, it results in dangerous roller coaster effect. The fluctuations in glucose levels can be rapid and unpredictable, causing dramatic symptoms.

The following risk factors for brittle diabetes are higher if you are:

  • Are female
  • Have hormonal imbalances
  • Are overweight
  • Have hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormones)
  • Are in your 20s or 30s
  • Have a high level of stress on a regular basis
  • Have depression
  • Have gastroparesis or celiac disease

How Brittle Diabetes Develops?

Out of the various causes, psychological issues and inconsistent digestion as a result of nerve damage account for most cases. Often associated with stress, depression and other psychological issues, brittle diabetes leads to acute and temporary insulin resistance. Body does not respond to insulin and this can come on and disappear very quickly without warning. This can lead to distinct challenges when needing to judge insulin doses.

Other problems responsible for brittle diabetes are:

  • Insulin absorption problems
  • Drug interactions

Treatment for Brittle Diabetes

How to check blood sugar: To better match the amount of insulin they get to how much they need at a given time, the subcutaneous insulin pump comes in use for this purpose to know what is the sugar level. It’s the most effective tool for controlling brittle diabetes.

You carry this small pump in your belt or pocket to check sugar level. The pump is attached to a narrow plastic tube that is connected to a needle. You insert the needle under your skin. You wear the system 24 hours a day, and it continuously pumps insulin into your body. It helps keep your insulin levels steady, which in turn helps keep your glucose levels on a more even keel.

Using best glucometer, one can easily find out the sugar level readings from the comfort of their homes. Find out price of glucometer online before buying.

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