Diabetes is a condition where the sugar level or blood glucose increases above the normal.
It basically results from the incompetence of the glucose to get into the body cell that further ends in starving of the cells for food (glucose). Diabetes is said to be a prolonged illness that has adverse consequence on human’s body physically, mentally & socially.
Responding to a diabetic emergency is not difficult, though, diabetic emergencies can be deadly if uncured. Luckily, most diabetic patients are well versed about their illness and know when & how to take action.
There are 2 kinds of diabetic emergencies that can usually occur: Insulin Shock (hypoglycemia) or Diabetic Coma (hyperglycemia). In the former there is a surplus of insulin and a shortage of sugar in the blood (“hypo” = low). In the later, the individual suffers from a shortage of insulin, resulting in a surplus of sugar in the blood (“hyper” = excess). A diabetic patient consequently has to learn to live cautiously between these conditions.
Diabetic coma can result if an individual has not been detected and/or cured; or if an individual has not taken his/her insulin. Well, it can even occur if a person has overeaten (hence flooding his body with huge amount of carbohydrates); or if they are suffering from an infection that disturbs their insulin/glucose balance. Instead, too high a consumption of insulin or skipping meals (lowered sugar intake), over-exertion (causing a lessening in the blood sugar level) or even vomiting could indicate to insulin shock.
Surprisingly, these severe situations can result in the individual losing consciousness. Nonetheless, there are various other indications by which they can be discriminated.
In the case of Diabetic Coma, an individual’s breathing will be low & his breath might even smell of acetone. It is also seen that he may also vomit abundantly. Well, similarly, in the case of Insulin Shock, an individual will be sticky to the touch due to extreme sweating thus; they will also have an increased heart rate.
The most certain method to check if it is Insulin Shock or Diabetic Coma is to give the individual some sugar, preferably in milk or tea instead of sugar granules. If he/she is suffering from Insulin Shock then she/he will show instant signs of recovery. But, if not, then it is a case of Diabetic Coma. Thus, an individual should be quickly rushed to a nearby hospital without any more delay.
Therefore, it is essential to keep a regular check on the blood sugar levels. Invest in a glucometer that can come in handy to check blood sugar levels even on the go.