Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, also known as PCOS, is a hormonal condition that involves small cysts forming on the ovaries. These cysts can disturb ovulation and influence menstruation and fertility. PCOS is associated with hormone imbalance, including insulin hormone.
Diabetes disturbs the body’s capacity to use or create insulin. Type 1 diabetes results from a lack of these hormones, and type 2 diabetes develops due to insulin resistance. Lifestyle aspects can influence the development of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is more prevalent than type 1 diabetes, and it generally occurs in people who are overweight or obese. Research suggests that PCOS increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. An individual with PCOS is more likely to have insulin resistance.
Symptoms of PCOS
- Irregular menstruation
- Excessive hair growth
- Sudden weight gain or obesity
Symptoms of Diabetes
- Blurry vision
- Increased thirst and urination
- Wounds that do not heal quickly
How PCOS Can Lead To Pre-diabetes Or Diabetes
PCOS is challenging enough, so you must take care of your body to prevent or manage further health concerns such as diabetes. Diabetes is a condition that takes place when your blood glucose is very high. This gives rise to insulin resistance due to your body being incapable of using all of that glucose for energy.
Up to 40 percent of people with PCOS could develop pre-diabetes, and up to 10 percent of them develop diabetes. The elevated testosterone levels in PCOS patients lead to insulin resistance, which causes pre-diabetes or diabetes.
PCOS and Gestational Diabetes
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome can also lead to gestational diabetes, which occurs when women develop blood glucose problems during pregnancy. This can cause complications for both the mother and the baby, such as premature birth, jaundice, breathing problems, etc.
It’s important to work with your doctor during pregnancy to find the lifestyle habits and foods that will make your pregnancy and delivery less complicated.
How to Treat Diabetes and PCOS
There is, as such, no cure for either diabetes or PCOS, but treatment is possible. There are ways to manage these conditions. It may take time, effort, and regulation of your lifestyle habits, but it can happen. Doctors usually recommend consuming a balanced diet and regular exercise to help treat both diabetes and PCOS.
A healthy diet consists of-
- Fruits and vegetables
- Lean proteins such as chicken breasts, turkey, low-fat dairy, and fish
- Sources of healthful fats such as nuts, olive oil, and seeds
- Whole grain foods
Read More: Contraception for Women with Diabetes
What to avoid consuming-
- Processed meats
- Trans fats
- Simple carbohydrates such as sugar, white flour, white bread
- Fast food
People with diabetes and PCOS also benefit from regular exercise. An increase in physical activity can help an individual maintain a healthy body weight. Moreover, it can also help the body process and use blood glucose. As the body starts to process more blood glucose, it may also produce enough insulin to meet a person’s needs.
If you have PCOS or diabetes, talk to your doctor about which treatment alternative will work best for your condition. A few lifestyle changes and medications can help you manage your health.