Diabetes is chronic, and getting it tested in time helps you control the condition. If not controlled and managed, it can cause damage to every blood vessel in your body, including the ones in your eyes. Hence, anyone who has symptoms of diabetes, they should get done with their diabetes tests as prescribed by your diabetes care provider.
If you encounter symptoms such as increased thirst, unexplained weight reduction, frequent urination, increased appetite, and feeling a tingling sensation in your hands or feet. In that case, the chances are that you are a diabetic. But, you’ll need to get your blood sugar tested to find out for sure.
Important Diabetes Tests
1. A1C test
This is one of the major blood tests for diabetics. It measures your average blood sugar levels over 2- 3 months. Through this test, your doctor gets to know how well your sugar level is managed. Other names for the A1C test are HbA1C, hemoglobin A1C, and glycated hemoglobin test.
When it comes to using the A1C test to diagnose diabetes, your doctor will consider several factors that include your age and whether you have anemia or another problem with your blood or not. The A1C test is not accurate in case one has anemia. Ideally, you should get this test twice a year, if not more often. The normal result should be below 7%.
2. Blood pressure checks
Diabetes usually makes you more likely to have high BP, which can put you at increased risk for stroke and heart attack. So, it is crucial to have your blood pressure checked every time you see your primary care doctor.
Moreover, high blood pressure can be treated with the right kind of diet and exercise regime. Sometimes people need medications to treat their blood pressure when lifestyle changes are not enough.
Having diabetes increases your risk of heart issues; it’s essential to check your cholesterol through a blood test as part of your annual exam or more frequently if your cholesterol levels are high. A blood sample will need to be taken to test your blood for cholesterol. It is usually taken via a syringe from a vein on the inside of your elbow.
You may be asked not to eat up to 12 hours before the test. This is a fasting blood test and prevents recently eaten food from over-influencing the test.
Apart from these tests, it is important to maintain a diet and lifestyle regime to manage and control your blood sugar levels. Connect with certified health coaches at BeatO to get your personalized diet plan.