When we talk about diabetes or rather management of diabetes, there is an instant reference to the need to maintain normal blood sugar level or control high blood sugar levels, which if left uncontrolled can develop into diabetes. Insulin is a hormone that facilitates conversion of glucose into energy and diabetes affects your body’s ability to produce or use insulin. When you observe a set of symptoms listed below, you know it is time to seek medical advice and take charge of your health to ensure normal range of blood sugar.
Blood Sugar Symptoms:
• Increased thirst
• Frequent urination
• Blurred vision
• Tingling or pain in the hands, feet and/or legs
Effects of Diabetes on Body Systems
Continuously high blood sugar, especially in case of diabetes type 2, leads to various health complications and directly affects the functions of vital organs like heart, kidney, liver and eyes along with nerves and veins. Although diabetes complications take years to develop if the blood sugar levels are not maintained properly, these can be avoided by being proactive about managing blood glucose levels by taking regular readings, leading a healthy and active lifestyle, exercising daily and maintaining good cholesterol and blood pressure readings.
Diabetes and Heart: Type 2 diabetes acts as a major contributing factor towards coronary heart disease. Since high blood sugar leads to increased blood pressure which also results in poorly controlled cholesterol levels, the risk of heart attacks gets increased.
Diabetes and Stroke: High blood pressure and prolonged rise in blood sugar levels leads to stroke and
Diabetes Affects the Eyes too: A complication related to type 2 diabetes, known as diabetes retinopathy is increasingly becoming common among diabetics due to poorly managed blood sugars over a prolonged period of time. Damaging the veins and tiny blood vessels in the eyes, diabetes retinopathy is further complicated by high blood pressure.
Diabetes and its Damage to Kidneys: Kidney is the most affected organ following persistently high levels of blood glucose, blood pressure and even cholesterol. It must be diagnosed within time to be treated through lifestyle changes along with some medication for high blood pressure and cholesterol.
Diabetes and Nerve Damage: Acting as the foundation of all body functions, our nerves get damaged due to lack of balance in blood sugar levels. Known as diabetic neuropathy, this complication is identified by the following symptoms:
• Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
• Lack of arousal in the penis or clitoris
• Excessive sweating or
• Diagnosis of delayed stomach emptying
Diabetes and Skin Problems: The skin of a diabetic is affected mostly by nerve damage and circulation problems, caused again by fluctuating blood sugar levels. The symptoms include dry, patchy skin, slow healing of cuts, burns and wounds, fungal and bacterial infections and lack of sensation in the foot.
Diabetes management demands a healthy diet plan and active lifestyle. In order to control diabetes and lead a fit, healthy and active lifestyle, it is important for diabetics to consistently monitor their blood sugar levels using a glucometer and ensure to undergo health checkups for various organ related complications.