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Link Between Dementia & Diabetes: Everything You Need To Know

What is dementia?
Dementia is a common term for decline in the mental ability severe enough to interfere with our daily life. Memory loss is an example of dementia and Alzheimer’s is the most common type of dementia. Dementia cannot be defined as a specific disease and a group of symptoms collectively affect memory and thinking and our social abilities.

Common diseases that cause dementia
Even though alzheimer’s is the most common cause there are other issues which can cause dementia.

Relation between sugar levels in diabetes and dementia

Diabetes occurs when our body is not able to make enough insulin or use the insulin properly.
Insulin is a hormone that is used by body to control blood glucose levels. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body and helps use energy to perform all necessary bodily functions.

Diabetes is of two type – type 1 and type 2 and also gestational diabetes which occurs temporarily during pregnancy. People who have type 2 diabetes which is caused by high sugar level in blood are at a higher risk of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.

Cardiovascular problems associated with diabetes are common to dementia as well. Such as

  • Obesity
  • History of heart issue
  • Impaired blood vessel
  • Circulatory problems
  • High BP
  • High Cholesterol.

Research states that just like diabetes, Alzheimer’s also is related to glucose not being used properly . The reason could be nerve cell death. In vascular dementia, cells in the brain die due to lack of oxygen.
Beta amyloid plaques, that build up in the brain of people suffering from Alzheimer’s has also been shown to prevent the insulin receptors of the brain from doing its job. This could impact insulin production and lead to brain cells becoming insensitive towards insulin.

Reduce the risk

Leading a healthy lifestyle which promotes cardiovascular health automatically will benefit your brain too.

● Follow a healthy diet, focusing on Vit D and B6 and B12.
● Make sure to indulge in regular physical activity
● Maintain blood sugar levels : Sugar levels in blood which is considered normal glucose levels is 4.0 – 5.4 mmol/L
● Protect your head when playing any sport or doing any activity which could put it at risk.

Invest in a glucometer
All this can get difficult and you may need to check your blood sugar levels from time to time. A glucometer is a blood sugar checker, which will help you monitor glucose level in blood and help keep blood sugar range in normal in turn help you control diabetes better.

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