Diabetes (Diabetes mellitus) is a chronic condition wherein your body is unable to process enough hormone that regulates blood glucose called insulin. There are different types of diabetes, each one of which has a unique origin. If high blood sugar levels are left untreated, it can affect our nerves, eyes, kidneys, among other organs. Learning more about Diabetes and taking action to manage or avoid it can help you safeguard your health.
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What Are Some Common Diabetes Symptoms?
Both type 1 and type 2 Diabetes can result in the following symptoms:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Weight loss without exerting effort
- Ketones in urine
- Feeling fatigued
- Feeling irritated or exhibiting other behavioral abnormalities
- Blurry vision
- Healing process is slower than usual
- Getting numerous infections, including those of the gums, skin, and genitalia
- Increased appetite
- Getting a feeling of numbness or tingling sensation in hands or feet
- Areas of skin that have darkened, typically in the neck and armpits
What Are The Root Causes Of Diabetes?
The root causes of type 1 and type 2 Diabetes include-
Type 1 Diabetes has an unknown specific etiology. The pancreatic beta cells that produce insulin are mistakenly attacked and destroyed by the immune system. For some people, it might be hereditary.
Type 2 Diabetes is brought on by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Being overweight or obese increases your risk much more. When you are overweight, your abdomen cells are more likely to resist the effects of insulin on your blood sugar. Family members are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and obesity due to hereditary factors.
How Can You Manage Diabetes?
Diabetes care involves several management strategies due to the complexity of the condition. The following are some key elements of diabetes management-
Blood Sugar Monitoring – The effectiveness of your current treatment strategy must be evaluated by regularly checking your blood sugar (glucose). It provides you with advice on how to take care of your Diabetes on a daily, and occasionally even hourly, basis. You can check your blood sugar levels frequently with a glucose meter and finger stick or a continuous glucose monitor (CGM).
Oral Diabetes Medication – Oral diabetes medications help people with diabetes, those who still produce some insulin, primarily those with Type 2 Diabetes and prediabetes, regulate their blood sugar levels.
Insulin – To survive and control Type 1 Diabetes, people need to inject synthetic insulin. Even some people with Type 2 Diabetes also need insulin dosage.
Diet – Since food has a significant impact on blood sugar levels, meal planning and selecting a healthy diet are important components of managing diabetes. How much carbohydrates you consume affects how much insulin you require at meals. You can manage your weight and lower your chance of developing heart disease by adopting healthy eating habits.
Exercise – As exercise improves insulin sensitivity (and lowers insulin resistance), it is crucial for all people with diabetes to regularly engage in physical activity.
Your entire life can change after being diagnosed with diabetes. It doesn’t have to stop you from leading a fulfilled and healthy life. Consistent effort and care are required for managing diabetes.
Although it may probably feel very overwhelming at first, with time you’ll learn how to manage the condition and adjust your body’s functioning.
Follow all the recommendations given by your health coach if you wish to keep your sugar levels within the range. Also, do not forget to monitor your sugar levels regularly.
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