Diabetic Retinopathy: Stages and Treatment
Home»Blog»Diabetes Basics » Diabetic Retinopathy: Stages and Treatment

Diabetic Retinopathy: Stages and Treatment

3506 0
diabetic eyes

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition where the blood vessels in the eye are damaged and hence leak. This can result in vision complications and in some cases even vision loss. All diabetics are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy, if their condition is not managed and monitored well.

Free Doctor Consultation Blog Banner

How Does Diabetes Affect the Eyes?

The retina is a light-sensitive layer situated at the back of your eye. It converts incoming light into electrical signals and sends it to the brain. The brain converts the signals into images. The retina also requires a consistent supply of blood. It receives it through tiny blood vessels. High sugar levels damage these tiny blood vessels leading to the development of diabetic retinopathy.

diabetic retinopathy

Types of Diabetic Retinopathy

There are 3 types of diabetic retinopathy:

  • Non-proliferative retinopathy: This is an early form of the disease, where the retinal blood vessels leak fluid or bleed.
  • Macular oedema: This is the swelling of the macula, caused by the leakage of fluid from retinal blood vessels. It can damage your central vision.
  • Proliferative retinopathy: This is an advanced form of the disease and occurs when blood vessels in the retina disappear. In this, fragile vessels bleed easily and can result in a sudden loss of vision.

diabetes retinopathy symptoms

Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

Retinopathy symptoms don’t really show up right away, but

  • seeing an increasing number of floaters,
  • having blurry vision,
  • having a vision that changes sometimes from blurry to clear,
  • seeing blank or dark areas in your field of vision,
  • having poor night vision,
  • noticing colours appear faded or washed out, losing vision.

Read More: Connection Between Heart Attacks and Diabetes

How to prevent diabetic retinopathy?

  • Effective diabetes management – By including better control of blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol and overall management will help delay the development of retinopathy.
  • Regular eye examinations – Getting early diagnosis and treatment can usually prevent severe vision loss. It is important to have your eyes tested regularly when diabetes is diagnosed.
curv glucometer device

Importance of Sugar Monitoring

Careful and regular management of your diabetes is the best way to prevent vision loss. Apart from monitoring vision changes, you can also monitor sugar levels using a glucometer. Since major blood sugar fluctuations mean poorly managed diabetes, it can lead to diabetic retinopathy and other complications. Being aware can help prevent these.

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 0 / 5. Vote count: 0

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.

We are sorry that this post was not useful for you!

Let us improve this post!

Tell us how we can improve this post?

Sakshi Poptani

Sakshi Poptani

As a Content strategist, I have a keen eye for storytelling, brand marketing and community management. I have worked across three sectors - hospitality, technology and healthcare. They have evolved me as a writer and helped me bridge the gaps between storytelling and brand management. I have an unwavering aim of reaching out to as many people as I can. I want to enhance the perspective and insights of both my readers and my own self as I tread further in my journey.

Leave a Reply