Sunday , 24 October 2021
Home » Diabetes Care and Management » Hypoglycemia: What You Should Know?

Hypoglycemia: What You Should Know?

What is hypoglycemia?

Hypoglycemia occurs when the level of glucose(sugar)  present in the blood falls below normal i.e, Below 4 mmol/L (72mg/dL)

Being aware of the early signs of hypoglycemia can help allow better treatment of low blood glucose levels.

Awareness is also essential among family and friends so that they can recognise the symptoms sooner.

Symptoms of hypoglycemia:

The main symptoms include : Sweating, Fatigue and Dizziness

Other symptoms include: Pale looking skin, Excessive weakness, blurred vision, confusion, increased heart rate and in extreme cases coma.

Who are at risk?

People taking the following medications are usually at a higher chance

  • Insulin
  • Sulphonylureas
  • Prandial Glucose Regulators

The main causes of hypoglycemia:

Even though medications are the major reasons, a number of other factors can increase the risk as well.

  • High insulin dose
  • Delay in meals
  • Physical strain
  • Alcohol consumption

What to do when sugar level drops?

  • You should immediately consume about 15 gms of glucose or simple carbs. This can be found in glucose tablets, raisins, a tablespoon of honey, or just some jelly candy or gumdrop.
  • You need to check your blood sugar levels post 15 minutes of consuming some glucose.
  • In case it seems low, try retaking the glucose dosage.
  • Once the sugar levels return to normal, grab a quick snack.
  • In case things don’t improve, rush to your doctor immediately.


If this condition remains untreated it can lead to a seizure or leave you unconscious. It is advisable to keep a glucometer with you at all times. A glucometer helps you monitor and track blood sugar levels anytime anywhere.

Check Also

How is high blood pressure related to diabetes?

WHAT IS HYPERTENSION / HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE? Blood pressure is the pressure that your heart …